**Dilation**

A transformation in which a figure grows larger. Dilations may be with respect to a point (dilation of a geometric figure) or with respect to the axis of a graph (dilation of a graph).

Note: Some high school textbooks erroneously use the word *dilation* to refer to all transformations in which the figure changes size, whether the figure becomes larger or smaller. Unfortunately the English language has no word that refers collectively to both stretching and shrinking.

Pronunciation: Dilation (**die-LAY-shun**) has only three syllables, not four.

**See also**

Compression, compression of a geometric figure, compression of a graph

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